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Y-Dan Chinese Symbol Y-Dan
A simple alternative to Tai-Chi

By Christopher T. Wong, CFT

Yin-Yang Symbol Y-Dan is an ancient exercise dating back over 2000 years. Initially, it was practiced only by the Chinese imperial families and remained quite secret. Eventually, it was lost and remained so for centuries until 1978. It was at this time that it was rediscovered and practiced again in Taiwan. In a very short time, its popularity became so widespread that due to the limited number of qualified instructors, only people over the age of 40 were allowed to learn.

Y-Dan is a full body exercise with its own warm-up and cool-down built into it. It exercises every part of the body and has a very balancing effect on the body and mind. The name of the exercise actually translates to External Elixir which means that it was designed to exercise the exterior of the body, which includes the muscles, joints, ligaments, etc. Because of this, it is also one of the safest exercises you can do. Another exercise very closely related is called Nei Dan which translates to Internal Elixir However, this exercise is much harder to learn and can potentially cause more harm if done improperly. The beauty of Y-Dan is that it's arranged in such a way that it can be learned very quickly and efficiently. There are only 19 movements in the exercise, so each movement can be remembered more easily and practiced with more repetition. With some other types of exercise, you may do each movement only once. But in Y-Dan, each movement is done either 4 times or 10 times.

The "Chi" is something you may have heard of before. It's basically your body's energy flow balancing the body, mind, and spirit. When the Chi flows well throughout the body and your meridians are open, you will experience vibrant health with energy and a general feeling of well-being. It's also much more difficult for disease to take root with everything flowing so well. Now you may have heard of athletes dying very young and think to yourself, "How could they have died so young when they were in such great shape?" The truth is that they may not have been in such great shape after all. Just because someone looks good, it does not mean that they have balanced health. A lot of athletes exercise to the point of overtraining which can cause a shock to the system. That, when combined with very severe dietary and drug practices makes their bodies into walking time bombs. Unless you're experienced, you can't tell any of this from looking at them. But believe me, I've seen it myself. They fool everyone around them. Then one day an injury hits them, then they get a string of illnesses, get hurt a few more times in a futile effort trying to regain their former glory, and finally, it's game over. Remember, I've seen this myself!

What these people need is balance. They need to tone down their more intense exercises and include balancing exercises to bring harmony to their bodies. Clearly, they did not have good flow of Chi. Y-Dan is excellent for this purpose. It's easy to learn, is very effective at promoting the Chi and makes you feel great. Not only that, but it also helps prevent and rehabilitate injuries. I've taught numerous people Y-Dan who suffered from various joint problems including Fibromyalgia and Sciatica among other things. At first, the students were not able to perform all the movements. But eventually, once they were able to do them all, their pain was almost gone! It may not have left 100%, but they were able to do many things that they hadn't done in years.

Another point I'd like to make is that I'm not saying you shouldn't do other exercises. By all means, do them as long as they don't involve impact. Although Y-Dan can work very well by itself and certainly has helped countless people using nothing else, it can also help balance out other exercises you do. I am also a bodybuilder of more than 11 years and take my weight training very seriously. However, when I started including Y-Dan in my daily routine, I can say with absolute certainty that it enhanced my exercise greatly. Getting up to go in the morning was easier, starting my workouts was easier even in cold weather, and I had more overall energy and balance. As much as I look forward to my bodybuilding workouts, I look forward to my Y-Dan.

As with any exercise, exercising first thing in the morning is the most beneficial. This is primarily because of blood circulation. Between the hours of 1AM and 3 AM, the liver is placed under the most strain and retains the most blood, which is why people will often wake up during this time to use the bathroom, and also why people have cold hands and feet in the morning. By exercising first thing in the morning, you will make your body more efficient by forcing the blood out of the liver and to the rest of the body. Also, your focus is generally better in the morning, and unexpected things often have a way of creeping up on you as the day goes on. By exercising first, you don't have to worry about that, because you've already done your exercise.

I have been an instructor in Y-Dan for the past 7 years and a weight-training instructor for 9 years, working in conjunction with Prime Health Products. Due to the demand for the Y-Dan classes and to make it accessible to people who don't live in the Toronto area, I produced an instructional DVD making it possible for anyone anywhere to learn this fabulous exercise.

There are 19 movements in total with 7 introduction movements and 12 core or main movements. It begins gradually with very slow movements, eventually getting harder and more dynamic, until it finally slows down again at the very end.

Introduction Movements

  1. EMBRACING THE MOON: This is a general warm-up exercise to slowly open your energy meridians.
  2. TURNING THE HEAD: This is another warm-up exercise again opening the energy meridians and involving movement of the head.
  3. WALKING AGAINST THE WIND: This involves some deep breathing along with some leg movements to slowly bring the whole body into play.
  4. SWINGING THE ARMS: This is a faster movement involving somewhat more vigorous breathing and arm movements.
  5. BENDING: This is a forward stretching exercise.
  6. STRETCHING: This is a more dynamic stretching exercise combining forward stretching with overhead stretching in a fluid motion.
  7. ROTATION: This is a combination of rotation of the body and deep breathing to end the introduction movements.

Core Movements

  1. PREPARATION: This is a warm-up for the core movements. However, the movements are faster than the warm-up in the introduction movements with more vigorous motions.
  2. BREATHING LIKE A TURTLE: This combines forward bending with very deep breathing and in particular has helped many of my students over the years with back pain.
  3. KNEELING AND SWINGING: This is probably the most dynamic movement of the entire exercise involving knee bending (squatting), arm exercise, and finger exercise all in 1 movement.
  4. FLAPPING YOUR WINGS: This involves quick movements of the arms moving away from your body resembling a bird flapping its wings.
  5. STRENGTHENING THE SHOULDERS: This does exactly what the name suggests. Through various rotations and upward extensions of the shoulders, they are strengthened and these movements are also very effective at rehabilitating shoulder injuries.
  6. THE EQUILIBRIUM BETWEEN HEAVEN AND EARTH: This movement is a very effective balancing exercise. It involves quick movements with the arms outstretched.
  7. CROSSING YOUR ARMS: This exercise strengthens the fingers and forearms.
  8. PRESENTING THE PEARL: This is another excellent balancing exercise. It involves both short and deep breathing along with short and long arm movements.
  9. ROTATION AND FINGER STRENGTHENING: As the name suggests, this combines rotation with finger strengthening while at the same time, involving deep breathing.
  10. STRENGTHENING THE HEART AND SPIRIT: This is a very dynamic movement with finger strengthening and vigorous arm and leg movements.
  11. SWINGING THE FOOT: This is a balancing exercise in the sense that it's done while standing on 1 leg. It exercises the calf muscles and involves quick shaking movements of the legs.
  12. WALKING LIKE A CRANE: This is the cool-down of the exercise and is a slow fluid motion to bring you right back to where you started.


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Disclaimer: The information found on this website is for educational purposes only and is not intended as diagnosis, treatment, or prescription. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, and should not be used to diagnose or treat a health problem without consulting with a qualified medical practitioner. Prime Health Products will not be held liable for the use or misuse of herbal remedies.

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